In this week’s reading, there was a reference to Tyler (1949) which stuck with me. He wrote, “education is a process of changing the behaviour of people. …[E]ducational objectives, then, represent the kinds of changes in behaviour that an educational institution seeks to bring about in students” (as seen in Schiro, p. 2, 2013). This reference can be explained further by the analogy of Franklin Bobbitt (1913) where he explains that curriculum was used as a model to simply create an ideal adult through factory work (as seen in Schiro, 2013). His analogy is as follow:
- school = factory
- child = raw material
- adult = finished product
- teacher = factory worker
- curriculum = processing raw material (child) into finished product (adult)
- curriculum developers = member of research department who investigates what the consumer market (society) wants
Now looking at the present curriculum, there are Broad Areas of Learning (3) and Cross-Curriculum Competencies (4) that are the same for every grade and subject (K-12). The Broad Areas of Learning are building lifelong learners, building a sense of self and community, and building engaged citizens (Ministry of Education. The Cross-Curricular Competencies are developing thinking, developing identity and interdependence. developing literacies, and developing social responsibility (Ministry of Education. Looking back at Bobbitt’s analogy, the Broad Areas of Learning, and Cross-Curriculum Competencies do reflect creating individuals to survive adulthood, but provides more leniency in how individuals do it. Now the problem seems to be the importance that is placed on certain subject areas by the admin. Most school will place a greater importance on subjects like mathematics, sciences, and languages than subjects like physical education and arts. If the present curriculum has the same broad areas of learning and cross-curricular competencies in every subject area in every grade level, then students should be learning how to survive adulthood just the same in every subject and there should be equal value placed on every subject.